IX Hispana (The “Spanish Legion”) – was one of the oldest and most feared units in the Roman army. Raised by Pompey in 65 BC, it fought victorious campaigns. The most common theory is that it was defeated and destroyed while fighting an uprising in England, however the fate of the Ninth remains the subject of. ???????????????????? ???????? ???????????????????????????? Legio nona Hispana; the Spanish Ninth Legion, is a legion of the Imperial Roman army – existing since the late Roman Republic.
|Published (Last):||19 April 2011|
|PDF File Size:||10.44 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||17.70 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The dates of all of Agricola’s campaigns are questioned fiercely by historians, so for our purposes, two possible years will be given in each case.
Although no record of the Legion’s ihspana exists, like all of Caesar’s faithful legions, it was probably a bull. The history of Legio IX in Britain and the campaigns in which it took part are by no means certain due to so little archaeological and written evidence.
It was excavated between and and shows that emergency defenses cut the camp to under half its size Longthorpe IIto an area of 11 acres. While he does not name the Legions involved in the fight, from evidence of later years, we now know the numbers and names of these Legions: The emblem of the first legion is not known, but since it was a Caesarian unit, the badge may have been a bull. Quite apart from it simply being unlikely that a disciplined, refined military system would succumb to a poorly equipped barbarian force of the same type they’ve fought all over Europe without the insider knowledge that Arminius had attacking the legions in Teutoberg Forest, if something of that scale happened I find it unlikely that there wouldn’t be evidence of it.
Postumus refused to send aid or confront Boudicca’s rebellious tribes, but instead decided to remain within the Legion’s fortress. Albans, Hertfordshire]; as the natives, with their delight in plunder and their distaste for exertion, left the forts and garrison-posts on one side, and made for the point which offered the richest material for the pillager and was unsafe for a defending force. It was an unofficial political alliance between Pompey’s military might, Caesar’s political influence, and Crassus’ money.
It thus appears that IX Hispana disappeared sometime in the period — Russell argues that “by far the most plausible answer to the question ‘what happened to the Ninth’ is that they fought and died in Britain, disappearing in the late s or early s when the province was in disarray”. Some veterans were settled in Picenum, others at Histria. After Agricola was recalled from Britain his conquests in Scotland were let go, and the army retreated back to the Bowes-Tyne line, with Legio IX possibly returning to York.
In the spring of 48, the Ninth served at Dyrrhachiumwhere it suffered heavily.
Legio VIIII Hispana – Livius
Both these lists date from afteras both include the 3 Parthica legions founded by Septimius Severus in that year. However, they were reenlisted xi 41 by Caesar’s heir Octavian, who needed them to put an end to Sextus Pompeius’ occupation of Sicilywhich put the grain supply of Rome into peril.
Or even just a “why do we need to keep this?
She ties it in with the Silchester Eaglea Roman bronze eagle discovered during nineteenth-century excavations, but modern historians think it probably wasn’t a military eagle.
This woman assembled her army, to legoo number of some , and then ascended a tribunal which had been constructed of earth in the Roman fashion.
In addition, they threatened investigations hsipana prosecutions for supposed war crimes committed during his Gallic campaigns and forbade his standing for election in absentia for a second consulship.
Dio Cassius, Romaika The Ninth numbered men, not including the auxiliaries who were attached to the Legion. After some time spent fighting in Caledonia Scotlandthe legion returns to this fortress to work on rebuilding it, in the year CE.
The Ninth seems to have especially distinguished itself during the campaign of 24 BC, which may well have been where it received its honorific title ” Hispana ” or ” Hispaniensis. The glory won in the course of the day was remarkable, and equal to that of our older victories: Anyhow, it was in Lincoln after This was a very large war: Following the defeat, the Romans retaliated with major campaigns involving tens of thousands of soldiers.
This is the last recorded and datable action of the Legion based on legionary stamps found on tiles at the imperial fortress at Eburacum York.
Legio IX Hispana – Wikipedia
There are a few theories. Perhaps they traded places with the Ninth? Even Suetonius, in this critical moment, broke silence. Polyclitus, in fact, whose immense train had been an incubus to Italy and Gaul, did not fail, when once he had crossed the seas, to render his march a terror even to Roman soldiers.
The Ninth was also present at the battle of Pharsalus a city in southern Thessalyin Greece leigo played a key role in Caesar’s Victory August 48 BCwhich ensured his ultimate grip on the Republic. After this battle, the soldiers were again sent back to Italy to be pensioned off. DNA analysis seems to support the idea that some Romans and other made it there.
Tacitus particularly singles out Catus Decianus for criticism for his “avarice. From the Channel coast near Richborough, the Ninth is thought to have advanced northeastwards into the Norfolk-Suffolk area. Turning to meet Petilius Cerialiscommander of the Ninth Legion, who was arriving to the rescue, the victorious Britons routed the Legion and slaughtered the infantry to a man: They joined Caesar, who had assembled his army in anticipation of the Senate’s actions.
Leaving a small force to garrison the fortress at Longthorpe, the unit strength would have been 2, or less.