IQTA SYSTEM PDF

It has sometimes been erroneously compared to the fief of medieval Europe. The iqṭāʿ system was established in the 9th century ad to relieve the state treasury. The iqtadari was a unique type of land distribution and administrative system evolved during the Sultanate per~od. Under the system, the whole. Meaning of the Iqta system: ‘Iqta’ is an Arabic word denoting a sort of administrative regional unit. It is usually considered equivalent to a province. Initially the.

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Views Read Edit View history. They had to maintain the troops and furnish them at call. A small part of the money was to be given to the Itqa, but the percentage was usually insignificant compared to the other expenses.

This section is empty. The overarching theme was state power where the iqta was revocable and uninheritable. A small part of the money was to be given to the Sultan, but the percentage was usually insignificant compared to the other expenses.

Iqṭāʿ | Islamic land grant |

Retrieved from ” https: His absolutist iqts concentrated on limiting the power of the estates mainly the nobility and merchants and securing his supreme authority as the king.

In the 13 th c, the muqtis were commissioned to take charge not of a local territorial unit but a local situation.

Amir Khusarau, for the first time, referred to Khuts as Zamindars. They had to maintain the troops and furnish them at call. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. It originated from the need to secure one’s self by paying taxes to the most powerful leader, but later developed into something exchangeable by the landowners like with the fiefdoms of Europe. The demarcation of duties between sustem and katwais is not very clear.

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He was in charge of sysetm and finance, and controlled the other departments. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. There was a problem with your submission.

Also, Iqtas were not hereditary by law and had to be confirmed by a higher authority like the sultan or the king. The revenue collected was to be used to fulfill the obligations to the Ststem who would fix the strength and pay for the troops. As with other feudal-like tax farming systems, Iqta’ evolved from the tribal practices.

The muqti was thus a tax collector and army paymaster rolled into one.

Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Under Iqta System, the land of the empire was divided into several large and small tracts called Iqta and assigned these Iqtas to his soldiers, officers and nobles. This was the reason why slaves were appointed as muqtis in order to get loyalty. iqa

Nizam-ul-Mulk emphasizes an important element in the iqta- muqti’s right to collect and appropriate taxes. The money was used to pay for the landowner’s sgstem, which could be called by the Sultan at any time, making up for a syatem quick mobilisation and highly professional soldiers.

The Sultans of Delhi did not follow any law of succession. The Iqtadar on the other hand, was reduced to being a mere revenue collector, though in no way was the subordinate to the Amir. Muhammad of Ghur was the first to introduce the iqta system in India, but it was lltutrnish who gave it an institutional form.

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The choice of the sultan depended largely on the decisions of nobles. The muqtis can’t hold any further claims on them. English language, West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family that is closely related…. The money was used to pay for the landowner’s army, which could be called by the Sultan at any time, making up for a relatively quick mobilisation and highly professional soldiers.

The revenue was meant for the muqti’s own expenses, payment and maintenance of the troops and iqtw rest had to be sent back to the king. The next important department was diwan-i-arz headed by ariz-i-mumalik, who was responsible for the recruitment, payment and inspection iiqta troops. Thank You for Your Contribution!

It is thus clear that the muqtis only hold systsm land under the king, the land in truth belongs to the Sultan.

Administration of India under the Delhi Sultanate

Their accounts were checked by the royal auditors of the dilOan-i-lOizarat. It means that the grant of iqta did sgstem imply a right to the land. He also dissolved the Council of Forty – Chahalgani, a form of sharing power between the highest nobles and the king. The revenue was meant for the syetem own expenses, payment and maintenance of the troops and the rest had to be sent back to the king.

The subjects can go to the King and address their grievances in case they are being subjugated by the muqtis.