Fior di Battaglia: MS Ludwig XV 13 – J. Paul Getty Museum Fior di Battaglia: M. – Pierpoint Morgan Library Flos Duellatorum: Pisani-Dossi MS -Private. The Flower of Battle (Flos Duellatorum in Latin or Fior di Battaglia in Italian) XV 13; Morgan Library M; a copy privately held by the Pisani-Dossi family; and. Aug 16, Flos Duellatorum (“The Flower of Battle”, Pisani-Dossi MS) is an Italian fencing manual authored by Fiore de’i Liberi and dated 10 February

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Fiore wrote that he had a natural inclination to the martial arts and began training at a young age, ultimately studying with “countless” masters from both the Italian and German parts of the Holy Roman Empire. Unfortunately, the prologues obviously do not include the year of Fiore’s death, and to date, there are no records, archived or otherwise which reveal Fiore’s activities after Francesco Novati and D.

Such detail in its structure adds credence to the notion that perhaps the Pisani-Dossi version was indeed oriented towards a student’s learning and training guide. Sydney Anglo combining two different orginal versions of the text may be forthcoming in Views Read Edit View history. Despite its shared characteristics with the Ms.

Fior di Battaglia (MS M.383)

However, only in the Pisani-Dossi version, is a date explicitly stated. Webarchive template wayback links Articles with incomplete citations from December All articles with incomplete citations Duellaotrum dmy dates from May Articles with hCards Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January CS1 Italian-language sources it CS1 errors: Flos Duellatorum — Manuale di arte del combattimento del XV secolo.

Despite the depth and complexity of his writings, Fiore dei Liberi does not seem to have been a very influential master in the development of Italian fencing.

Mark Davidson, Rupert Carus and Alan Ethel Thanks is given to the various members of The Exiles who have assisted in the practical implementation and refinement of this project. Its prologue is similar to the Getty version. The Codex CX or Ms.

Four illuminated manuscript copies of this treatise survive, and there are records of at least two others whose current locations are unknown. The Morgan and Getty versions both were kept in England during the 19th century, before being moved to their present locations in America in the 20th century. Duellatorumm, the reconstruction and practice of armizare cannot be complete without referencing and studying all three treatises.


Fiore dei Liberi

It is possible that these listings refer to manuscripts listed above, though none currently possess the correct number of folios or match the physical descriptions. They ultimately rode two additional passes and on the fifth, Baggio impaled Sirano’s horse through the chest, duelatorum the horse but losing his lance in the process.

After the war, Fiore seems to have traveled a good deal in northern Italy, teaching fencing and training men for duels. All text, images, art work and photography are copyright to The Exiles, I accrease the foot that is forward a little out of the way and with the left I pass to the side traverse.

Journal of Western Martial Art

Il Fior di Battaglia B1. This project is an accumulation of the research, transcriptions, translations and art work of the following main contributors: Retrieved 12 November This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat It consisted of 58 folios bound in leather with a clasp, with a white eagle and two helmets morgna the first page. This manuscript is typically referred to as either the ‘Novati’ or ‘Pisani Dossi version’.

The Exiles Fiore Project Please ensure you read the duelpatorum and copyright information on each document used Overview. This is the longest and most comprehensive of the four manuscripts of Fior di Battaglia. Fiore seems to have sided with the secular nobility against the Cardinal as in there is record of him being tasked by the grand council with inspection and maintenance on the artillery pieces defending Udine including large crossbows and catapults.

The format of instruction is largely consistent across all copies of dhellatorum treatise. This claim is not included in the Getty nor the Morgan prologue. Upon his honorable retirement inhe complied with the request of his prince to compile a book on the art of the duel, in order that his vast experience might be preserved to future generations.

This may be due to the direct influence of Fiore or his writings, or it may instead indicate that the older tradition of Johane and Nicholai survived and spread outside of his direct line. The couplet can easily be translated into physical reality by a student of the art.


The examination of the Morgan’s version, as compared to the Getty’s will reveal that the Morgan’s text is near word-for-word similar to the Gettys’, however, the organization of the Morgan’s is completely different from the Getty’s in that it begins with a section on combats on horseback with lances, whereas, the Getty’s begins with abrazare or grappling.

Its prologue, format, illustrations, and text are all very similar to the Ms. A more detailed examination of the presentation of the First Remedy Master of the first play of abrazare follows.

The best known image from the Flos Duellatorum is the sette spade seven swords diagram at the beginning of the longsword section fol. Fiore dei Liberi da Premariacco e i ludi e le fest marziali in Friuli. Beyond this, nothing certain is known of Fiore’s activities in the 15th century.

There are also many cases in which an image in one manuscript will only feature a scholar’s garter where the corresponding image in another also includes a master’s crown. Fior di Battaglia MS M. This is consistent across the entire Pisani-Dossi and Getty’s treatises.

Ludwig XV 13 is: That field was instead dominated by the tradition of his near-contemporary the Bolognese master Filippo di Bartolomeo Dardi.

Fiore Dei Liberi – Flos Duellatorum

It has a preface in Italian and one to four illustrated figures per page in the main body; the figures are accompanied by descriptive paragraphs set in poor Italian verse which are nevertheless fairly duellatorm and informative, and generally comparable to that of the MS Ludwig XV 13 excepting differences in spellingthough at times they include additional explanation. There are two other surviving recensions, under the title Fior di Battaglia.

The currently understood and generally accepted provenance for the Getty version is: Based on Fiore’s autobiographical account, he can tentatively be placed in Perosa Perugia in when Piero del Verde likely fought a modgan with Pietro della Corona Peter Kornwald. Note biografiche di Capitani di Guerra e di Condottieri di Ventura operanti in Italia nel —